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Dependence on reefs in the Pacific

Pacific island countries and territories are among the most reef-dependent nations in the world, and pressures on reef systems in the region represent significant threats to livelihoods, health, and well-being of coastal communities and national economies. Understanding the nature and extent of dependence on reefs is an important step towards better targeting efforts to reduce the associated vulnerability of reef-dependent people and nations in the Pacific and measuring progress towards this objective.

High quality information about reef dependence can be difficult to locate, partly because of the wide range of ecosystem goods and services that reefs provide, and also because these data are typically presented within background socioeconomic information from individual sites or projects, rather than being the focus of studies or reports.

Provided here is a collection of literature in which aspects of dependence upon reefs and associated resources in the Pacific island countries and territories are measured and described. These types of reef-dependence include reliance on reef-associated fisheries, income and employment (e.g. through fisheries, tourism, aquaculture), livelihoods, nutrition, exports, cultural value, and coastal protection. Included within the collection are peer-reviewed journal articles, institutional technical reports, government reports, conference proceedings, student theses, and unpublished reports. Emphasis is on recent (post-2000) information where possible. ReefBase Pacific will continue to update this collection and improve access to literature on Pacific reef-dependence.

Reef Dependence Types

Search Result: 110 records
1 . World Resources Institute, 2011
Reefs At Risk Revisited: Pacific
Reefs At Risk Revisited. Feb 2011. World Resources Institute. Burke, L., K. Reytar, M. Spald. Washington DC. 2.

2 . Williams, I.D., B. L. Richards, S. A. Sandin, J. K. Baum, R. E. Schroeder, M. O. Nadon, B. Zgliczynski, P. Craig, J. L. McIlwain and R. E. Brainard, 2010
Differences in Reef Fish Assemblages between Populated and Remote Reefs Spanning Multiple Archipelagos Across the Central and Western Pacific
Journal of Marine Biology. 2011. Hindawi Publishing. 2011. 14.

3 . Williams, G.J., I.S, Knapp, J.E Maragos and S. K. Davy, 2010
Modeling patterns of coral bleaching at a remote Central Pacific atoll
Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2010. Elsevier Ltd. 9. 60. 1467-1476.

4 . Kinch, J. P. Anderson, E. Richards, A. Talouli, C. Vieux, C. Peteru, and T. Suaesi, 2010
Outlook Report on the State of the Marine Biodiversity in the Pacific Islands Region
2010. SPREP. Apia, Samoa.

5 . Seidel, H, 2009
Evaluating the role of science in Community Based Adaptive Management of coastal resources in Fiji

6 . Reenberg, A., T. Birch-Thomsen, O. Mertz, B. Fog and S. Christiansen , 2008
Adaptation of human coping strategies in a small island society in the SW Pacific – 50 years of change in the coupled human-environment system on Bellona, Solomon Islands
Human Ecology. 36. 807-819.

7 . Rhodes, K.L., M.H. Tupper and C.B. Wichilmel , 2008
Characterization and management of the commercial sector of the Pohnpei coral reef fishery, Micronesia
Coral Reefs. 27. 443-454.

8 . Korovulavula, I., T. O’Garra, P. Fong and R. Ratuniata, 2008
Economic valuation- Iqoliqoli- Tourism Study Support (Fiji): final report
Coral Reef InitiativeS of the. Suva, Fiji. 52pp.

9 . Awira, R., K. Friedman, S. Sauni, M. Kronen, S. Pinca, L. Chapman and F. Magron , 2008
Kiribati country report: Profiles and results from survey work at Abaiang, Abemama, Kuria and Kirimati.
PROCFish/C/CoFish Report. Secretariat of the Pacific Com. 216.

10 . Veitayaki, J., 2008
Lomani Gau: advancing ecosystem approach amongst local communities in Gau Island, Fiji

11 . Kronen, M., D. Fisk, S. Pinca, F. Magron, K. Friedman, P. Boblin, R. Awira and L. Chapman , 2008
Niue country report: Profile and results from in-country survey work (May to June 2005)
Secretariat of the Pacific Com. Noumea, New Caledonia. 88.

12 . Bell, J. D., M. Kronen, A. Vunisea, W.J. Nash, G, Keeble, A. Demmke, S. Pontifex, S. Andrefouet, 2008
Planning the use of fish for food security in the Pacific
Marine Policy. 13pp.

13 . Vieux, C., 2008
Preliminary socio-economic monitoring (Sem-Pasifika): assessment of Sinalailai area, Papua-New-Guinea
Dec. 8, 2008; 1pm.

14 . Vunisea, A., K. Friedman, R. Awira, M. Kronen, S. Pinca, L. Chapman, F. Magron, S. Sauni, K. Pakoa and F. Lasi , 2008
Samoa country report: Profiles and results from survey work at Manono-Uta, Salelavalu, Vailoa and Vaisala (June 2005 and August/September 2005)
PROCFish/C/CoFish Report. Secretariat of the Pacific Com. 234.

15 . Kronen, M. and A. Tafileichig , 2008
Traditional rights and management of Yap's coastal fisheries and the role of fisherwomen
SPC Women in Fisheries Informa. 18. 21-25.

16 . Sauni, S., M. Kronen, S. Pinca, L. Sauni, K. Friedman, L. Chapman and F. Magron , 2008
Tuvalu country report: profile and results from in-country survey work (October-November 2004 and March-April 2005)
PROCFish/C/CoFish Report. Secretariat of the Pacific Com. 204.

17 . Friedman, K., K. Pakoa, M. Kronen, L. Chapman, S. Sauni, L. Vigliola, P. Boblin and F. Magron, 2008
Vanuatu Country Report: Profiles and results from survey work at Paunangisu Village, Moso Island, Uri and Uripiv Islands and the Maskelyne Archipelago
Secretariat of the Pacific Com. Noumea, New Caledonia. 182.

18 . Rhodes, K.L. and M.H. Tupper , 2007
A preliminary market-based analysis of the Pohnpei, Micronesia, grouper (Serranidae : Epinephelinae) fishery reveals unsustainable fishing practices
Coral Reefs. 26. 335-344.

19 . Schwarz, A., C. Ramofafia, G. Bennett, D. Notere, A. Tewfik, C. Oengpepa, B. Manele and N. Kere, 2007
After the Earthquake: an assessment of the impact of the Earthquake and Tsunami on fisheries-related livelihoods in coastal communities of Western Province, Solomon Islands
World Fish Center. Penang, Malaysia. 82pp.

20 . Fay L., Vuki V., Sauni S., Tebano T., 2007
Anadara fishing supports urban households in Tarawa, Kiribati and Suva, Fiji

21 . Kronen, M. and A. Bender , 2007
Assessing marine resource exploitation in Lofanga, Tonga: One case study - Two approaches
Human Ecology. 35. 195-207.

22 . van Beukering, P.J.H., L.M. Scherl, E. Sultanian, C. Leisher and P.S. Fong , 2007
Case Study 1: Yavusa Navakavu Locally Managed Marine Area (Fiji): The role of marine protected areas in contributing to poverty reduction
Nature's Investment Bank Repor. 58.

23 . Veitayaki, J., 2007
Case Study 2.1: Integrated coastal management in Vanuaso Tikina, Gau Island, Fiji
Building capacity and cooperat. Mercure Hotel, Townsville, Aus.

24 . van Beukering, P.J.H., L.M. Scherl, E. Sultanian and C. Leisher, 2007
Case Study 2: Arnavon Community Marine Conservation Area (Solomon Islands): The role of marine protected areas in contributing to poverty reduction
Nature's Investment Bank Repor. 55.

25 . Andrea Bender, 2007
Changes in Social Orientation: Threats to a Cultural Institution in Marine Resource Exploitation in Tonga
Human Organization. 66. 11-21.

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